Turkish Armed Forces conducted a surgical operation, codenamed the Eagle-Claw 2, in Gara Region of Northern Iraq in February 2021.
Heraclitus, the great philosopher of Ionia, pointed the “eternal transformation” by saying “Lightning never strikes twice” approximately 2500 years ago. The economy-based decision processes played an important role in the formation of many transformations, destructions and reconstructions.
Power struggles within AKP intensify while Turkey is on the verge of a fundamental paradigm shift. The year 2012 started with the labor pains of a new direction that the country is confronted with. Indigenous factors that are of structural and local nature are crucial in understanding and explaining this change of course.